Garden State Foot & Ankle Center

 
 
 
 
 
 

Diabetic Foot Care

According to the American Diabetes Association, about 6% of the United States population are affected by diabetes. There are about 26 million people in the U.S. with diabetes and about 7 million of them are undiagnosed. By 2030, the number of people with diabetes will rise to about 550 million people globally. Most problems diabetics have with their feet are the result of nerve damage (neuropathy), infection or poor circulation. Since diabetics develop neuropathy (decreased feeling / sensation in their feet), they need to take extra care monitoring their feet in order not to face some severe consequences.

With diabetes, a small wound can develop into an infection that may result in severe foot complications. Diabetics also have poor circulation to their extremities. This, combined with poor sensation, can lead to ulcers or amputations. If circulation is compromised, a diabetic will have difficulty getting the proper blood flow to the area of the wound to help it heal. It is estimated that 25% of diabetics will develop a foot ulceration in their lifetime.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you should monitor your feet daily. Examining them with a mirror placed on the ground and inspecting for wounds, blisters, areas of infection, scratches and nail problems. Even dry feet can lead to a complication that requires medical attention. 

Diabetic Foot and Ankle Care:

  • Don't keep your feet submersed in cold or hot water for a prolonged period of time
  • Always keep your feet warm
  • Don't sit cross legged for too long, this can lead to a decrease in blood flow
  • Don't use heating pads, over the counter medications, or sharp instruments on your feet
  • Trim your toenails straight across, avoid digging or cutting into the corners
  • Use good lotion to prevent dry, cracked feet and heels
  • Wash your feet daily with soapy water
  • Wear socks with shoes and make sure you rotate them daily
  • Make sure you inspect your feet daily, including in between your toes
  • Wear properly fitting shoes, make sure they don't cause blisters or sores
  • Due to the loss of sensation in diabetics, make sure you don't wear shoes that are too tight and may cause a problem with excessive wear

Come into Garden State Foot & Ankle Center today to make sure that you are taking proper care of your feet. If you notice any numbness, bleeding, or pain in your feet, make sure you see a specialist today.

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